While KAZA TFCA is home to an incredible array of wildlife, it also faces a range of conservation challenges. One of the most pressing is poaching, particularly of elephants and rhinoceroses, which are prized for their ivory and horns, respectively. Illegal hunting of other species, including antelopes and giraffes, is also a problem, as is habitat loss and degradation, which can occur as a result of human activities such as logging, agriculture, and mining.
Another challenge facing KAZA TFCA is climate change, which can have a range of impacts on the region's wildlife and ecosystems. Rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and more frequent droughts and floods can all affect the distribution and abundance of species, as well as alter the structure and function of ecosystems. For example, changes in water availability can affect the distribution and abundance of fish, while changes in vegetation patterns can affect the foraging opportunities for herbivores.
In addition to these challenges, KAZA TFCA also faces issues related to human-wildlife conflict. As human populations grow and expand into wildlife areas, conflicts can arise as wild animals damage crops or livestock, or pose a threat to human safety.