Fauna and Flora at KAZA

Kaza TFCA, or the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area, is a vast conservation area located in southern Africa, spanning across five countries: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The area is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including many endangered species. Here are some examples:


  • African elephant
  • African wild dog
  • Black rhinoceros
  • Cheetah
  • Giraffe
  • Hippopotamus
  • Lion
  • Nile crocodile
  • Sable antelope
  • Spotted hyena
  • African buffalo
  • Zebra
  • African leopard
  • Roan antelope
  • Tsessebe


  • Baobab trees
  • Mopane trees
  • Acacia trees
  • Zambezi teak
  • Marula trees
  • Makalani palm trees
  • Sausage trees
  • Wild fig trees
  • Leadwood trees
  • Fever trees
  • Terminalia sericea
  • Combretum apiculatum

These are just some examples of the diverse range of flora and fauna that can be found in the Kaza TFCA. The conservation area is an important ecosystem that supports the survival of many species and contributes to the biodiversity of the region.

Fauna of Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area

HieKavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA) is a vast wilderness area spanning five countries in southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. This incredible region is home to an abundance of wildlife, including a diverse range of mammal, bird, reptile, and fish species. In this response, I will provide an overview of the fauna of KAZA TFCA, highlighting some of the most iconic and important species that call this region home.


KAZA TFCA is home to over 100 mammal species, including some of the most iconic and sought-after animals in Africa. Among the large herbivores found here are African elephants, which are found in high densities in the Chobe and Zambezi River systems. Other large herbivores include African buffalo, giraffe, hippopotamus, and various species of antelope, such as impala, kudu, sable, and roan. Predators are also well-represented in KAZA TFCA, with several species of big cats, including lions, leopards, and cheetahs, as well as spotted hyenas and African wild dogs. Smaller carnivores include servals, caracals, and African civets.


Elephants are one of the most abundant mammals in Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area, with an estimated population of over 200,000. They play an important ecological role in the region, helping to maintain the balance of the ecosystem by dispersing seeds, creating clearings, and maintaining the grasslands.


KAZA TFCA is a birdwatcher's paradise, with over 600 bird species recorded in the region. Many of these species are migratory, traveling long distances each year to breed, feed, and overwinter in the region. Among the most iconic bird species found here are raptors, including several species of eagles, hawks, and vultures. Other notable bird species include African fish eagles, saddle-billed storks, marabou storks, and the iconic southern ground hornbill.


KAZA TFCA is also home to a diverse range of reptile species, including several species of crocodiles, lizards, and snakes. The Nile crocodile is found in the Zambezi and Chobe rivers, while several species of monitor lizards can be found throughout the region. Snakes include several species of venomous snakes, such as the black mamba, puff adder, and gaboon viper.


The Zambezi and Chobe rivers, as well as several smaller rivers and wetlands, are home to a rich diversity of fish species. The Zambezi River is particularly well-known for its fish populations, which include several species of bream, catfish, and tigerfish. The Chobe River also has a healthy fish population, including the tigerfish, which is a popular sportfish.


KAZA TFCA is home to a vast array of insects, including numerous species of butterflies, beetles, moths, and spiders. Among the most iconic insect species found here is the termite, which is a vital part of the ecosystem, playing an important role in breaking down plant material and cycling nutrients.

Conservation Challenges

While KAZA TFCA is home to an incredible array of wildlife, it also faces a range of conservation challenges. One of the most pressing is poaching, particularly of elephants and rhinoceroses, which are prized for their ivory and horns, respectively. Illegal hunting of other species, including antelopes and giraffes, is also a problem, as is habitat loss and degradation, which can occur as a result of human activities such as logging, agriculture, and mining.

Another challenge facing KAZA TFCA is climate change, which can have a range of impacts on the region's wildlife and ecosystems. Rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and more frequent droughts and floods can all affect the distribution and abundance of species, as well as alter the structure and function of ecosystems. For example, changes in water availability can affect the distribution and abundance of fish, while changes in vegetation patterns can affect the foraging opportunities for herbivores.

In addition to these challenges, KAZA TFCA also faces issues related to human-wildlife conflict. As human populations grow and expand into wildlife areas, conflicts can arise as wild animals damage crops or livestock, or pose a threat to human safety.

Conservation Efforts

To address these challenges, a range of conservation efforts are underway in KAZA TFCA. One of the most important is anti-poaching efforts, which involve the deployment of rangers and other law enforcement personnel to deter and intercept poachers. In addition, efforts are underway to reduce demand for wildlife products, such as ivory and rhino horn, through public awareness campaigns and targeted law enforcement.

Habitat protection and restoration efforts are also underway in KAZA TFCA, with a focus on maintaining and restoring key habitats, such as riverine and wetland ecosystems, which are important for the region's wildlife. Efforts are also underway to promote sustainable land use practices, such as conservation agriculture and sustainable forestry, which can help to reduce the pressure on natural habitats.

Finally, efforts are underway to promote coexistence between humans and wildlife, through initiatives such as community-based natural resource management, which involves local communities in the management of natural resources, and the development of wildlife-based tourism, which can provide economic benefits while also promoting conservation.

Verantwortlich: Michael Dieckmann - Keywords.de GmbH - Adams-Lehmann-Str. 56 - 80797 München Email: info@kaza.org

Registereintrag: Handelsregister: HRB 170181 AG München Umsatzsteuer-ID:DE 257105537